Identification of Patients With High Probability of Poorly Responding to Therapy With Mycophenolic Acid Prodrugs

    Not Recruiting
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Medical University of Vienna
Updated on 25 January 2021
immunosuppressive agents
mycophenolic acid


This study is designed to define groups of patients (among patients with a heart or kidney graft or a glomerular disease and nephrotic range proteinuria) who would either not profit from a therapy with mycophenolate-mofetil (MMF) or need a higher than conventional dose to respond. Mainly there are 2 possible explanations for inter-patient differences in responsiveness to MMF therapy: 1. Based on a mutation (in this study single nucleotide polymorphisms-SNPs-) in the inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH 2) transcript as the target enzyme of mycophenolic acid (MPA) pathway, MMF cannot exert its effect. 2. Based on a high enzyme activity of IMPDH 2 a higher MMF dose than in the conventional regimens is needed. To study the significance of these possible explanations there are 4 objectives in this study: Objective 1: Since there are no data on SNPs with functional relevance in IMPDH 2 transcript, we will first sequence all 14 exons of this gene in their entirety in 100 gender and age matched healthy individuals. Objective 2: The functional relevance of a detected SNP will be tested in vitro in a lymphocyte proliferation assay using various MPA concentrations. Objective 3: These functionally relevant SNPs will be searched in patients with kidney graft in a retrospective as well as prospective manner. Objective 4: Parallel to the genotyping experiments, IMPDH 2 activity and MPA plasma levels will be measured in all patients recruited in the study prospectively. An association between these SNPs or various IMPDH 2 activity / MPA plasma levels with MMF responsiveness will be examined.

Condition Renal transplant
Treatment MPA SNP
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00978965
SponsorMedical University of Vienna
Last Modified on25 January 2021

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