Last updated on February 2018

Treatment of HFpEF With Nitrate Supplement


Brief description of study

The objective of this project is to determine if Neo40, a nitric oxide generating lozenge, when consumed twice daily by subjects with HFpEF, will increase exercise tolerance, decrease symptoms and improve quality of life for patients.

Detailed Study Description

Heart failure (HF) is the most common principal diagnosis for hospital admission in patients over 65 years old. There are two types of HF, those with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and those with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Approximately half of patients with the clinical syndrome of HF have preserved systolic function. HEpEF is becoming more prevalent with aging of the population and obesity. There are only two class I recommendations for the treatment of HFpEF, which are controlling blood pressure and the use of diuretics to relieve symptoms. Exercise training is another approach to improving symptoms, however it may be poorly tolerated.

Nitrate supplement in the form of concentrated beetroot juice was recently shown to improve exercise tolerance in patients with HFpEF. (1) Beetroot juice contains high concentration of NO3. This is metabolized to NO2. It enters the blood stream, where it is further reduced to NO resulting in intense vasodlitation.

Patients with diastolic dysfunction are often asymptomatic at rest but complain of dyspnea with exertion. Increase in heart rate with exercise causes reduced diastolic filling time and increases left sided filling pressure. Borloug, et al demonstrated this with right heart catheterization and supine exercise in patients with diastolic dysfunction. Infusion of NO2 resulted in decreased filling pressures and increased cardiac output. (2)

Neo40 is a new product made from concentrated beetroot juice in the form of a lozenge designed to dissolve on the tongue. NO3 supplement causes vasodilatation only in the setting of hypoxia and acidocis resulting in targeted vasodilatation.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03289481

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Ralph Hamill, MD

Penobscot Bay Medical Center
Rockport, ME United States
1.35miles
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Recruitment Status: Open


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