Capnography in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of South Florida
Updated on 7 July 2022
carbon dioxide
respiratory distress


To understand if a progressive increase in end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO2) levels are heralding respiratory difficulties before desaturation measured from capnography in obstructive sleep apnea patients, with the use of nasal prongs, transcutaneous monitors, Capnostream, and Massimo technologies.


Background and Significance Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can be monitored throughout the respiratory cycle via capnography. In this way, capnography allows healthcare professionals to follow a number of respiratory factors (i.e., depression, apnea, and hypercapnia) in real-time. Earlier detection of alterations to ventilation status will better enable providers to more accurately dose medications during procedures, especially in at-risk patient populations such as patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) [1, 2].

In a recent study of bariatric patients, approximately 15% experience postoperative pulmonary complications. These patients could benefit significantly from capnography monitoring as this measure can very accurately estimate the prevalence of respiratory complications.

Through this study we seek to understand how end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) levels of patients with obstructive sleep apnea vary when patients are in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). By collecting information on patient outcomes, we hope to better understand the value of this monitoring technique in an at-risk patient population. Though capnography in the PACU has not previously been demonstrated to improve patient safety or satisfaction, capnography has never been studied in a population of patients who are at risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

Study Design This is a prospective, blinded observational pilot study to monitor if changes in end-tidal CO2 levels provide incremental value over pulse oximetry when detecting respiratory difficulties (i.e., hypercapnia).

Condition Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Bariatric Surgery Candidate, Respiratory Insufficiency
Treatment end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) monitoring with Smart CapnoLine Plus O2, end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) monitoring
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03076047
SponsorUniversity of South Florida
Last Modified on7 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

> 18 years of age
Patients who have are at TGH for bariatric surgery
BMI > 30
At risk of obstructive sleep apnea according to TGH STOP-BANG questionnaire

Exclusion Criteria

<18 years of age
Not at risk of obstructive sleep apnea according to TGH STOP-BANG questionnaire
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note