Trial of Anastrozole and Palbociclib in Metastatic HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Updated on 12 May 2022


This is an open-label, pilot study designed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of combining anastrozole and palbociclib in the following two cohorts: Cohort A) as first-line therapy and Cohort B) as maintenance therapy after first-line chemotherapy in postmenopausal patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Pre- and perimenopausal women must receive therapy with an LHRH agonist. The LHRH agonist will be by choice for an approved LHRH agonist administered according to its respective prescribing information. Following informed consent and eligibility check, subjects will be enrolled to either Cohort A or Cohort B.


A total of 40 subjects will be enrolled over an enrollment period of 18-24 months. The study is planned to enroll up to 25 patients in Cohort A (upfront) and 15 patients in Cohort B (maintenance). Subjects will be recruited through Levine Cancer Institute locations and through referrals. Women of any race or ethnic origin who meet the study criteria may participate in this clinical trial. Males will not be eligible for this study. Breast cancer in men is rare and the efficacy of aromatase inhibitors in males is limited. Children are not included in this clinical trial because the effects of palbociclib are not known in the pediatric population, but may be eligible for other pediatric trials.

Condition Female Breast Carcinoma
Treatment anastrozole, Palbociclib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02942355
SponsorWake Forest University Health Sciences
Last Modified on12 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Are 18 years of age or older, who are either
Postmenopausal, as defined by at least one of the following criteria
Age greater than or equal to 60 years
Age less than 60 years and cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause and serum estradiol, FSH and LH level within the laboratory reference range for postmenopausal females
Documented bilateral oophorectomy
Medically confirmed ovarian failure OR premenopausal or perimenopausal, i.e., not meeting the criteria for being postmenopausal
Premenopausal or perimenopausal women can be enrolled if amenable to be treated with
Histologically or cytological confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer with evidence of metastatic disease. Locally advanced disease not amenable to resection is eligible
an LHRH agonist. Patients must have commenced treatment with an LHRH agonist
Documentation of ER-positive and, or PR-positive tumor based on most recent tumor biopsy (unless bone-only disease). ER and PR assays are considered positive if there is at least 1 percent positive in the tumor sample
at least 4 weeks prior to start of study treatment
Documentation of HER2-negative tumor based on most recent tumor biopsy. Tumor must not demonstrate overexpression of HER2 by either IHC (immunohistochemistry) or in-situ hybridization (ISH)
No previous treatment for metastatic disease for Cohort A
For Cohort A: previous treatment with endocrine therapy in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting is allowed
For Cohort B: only first-line chemotherapy (can be single-agent or a combination regimen) for metastatic disease with response (defined as a complete response or partial response by RECIST version 1.1, or stable disease for six months or more from this regimen) and chemotherapy discontinued for 21 days is allowed; patients may have received prior systemic therapy in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting
Patient has archival tumor tissue available that is formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded. Biopsy sample taken at the time of presentation with recurrent or metastatic disease is recommended.For patients who do not have archival tissue, tissue from a fresh biopsy should be obtained prior to study treatment initiation, if it can be safely attained using local anesthesia only. One exception is those patients with bone-only disease for whom provision of previous archival tissue would be acceptable. Serial fresh tumor tissue samples will be collected in patients with lesions amenable for a biopsy who consent to such a procedure
ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2
For Cohort A, measurable disease as defined by RECIST version 1.1, or bone-only
Must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below
disease prior to start of study treatment. Patients with bone-only metastatic
cancer must have a lytic or mixed lytic-blastic lesion that can be accurately
Hematologic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,500/mcL
Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mcL; Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL
assessed by CT or MRI. Patients with bone-only disease who have blastic-only
Renal: Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5X ULN or Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) greater than or equal to 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5X ULN [CrCl should be calculated per institutional standard; GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl]
metastasis are not eligible. Tumor lesions previously irradiated or subjected
Hepatic: Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5X ULN; AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 3X ULN (less than or equal to 5X ULN if liver metastases present); Alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5X ULN (less than or equal to 5X ULN if liver or bone metastases present)
to other loco regional therapy will only be deemed measurable if progression
at the treated site after completion of therapy is clearly documented. For
Able to swallow and retain oral medication per the Investigator
Cohort B, measurable disease as defined by RECIST version 1.1, or evaluable
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

Prior treatment with any CDK inhibitor
Known active uncontrolled or symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases, carcinomatous meningitis, or leptomeningeal disease as indicated by clinical symptoms, cerebral edema, and/or progressive growth. Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if there is no evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks after CNS-directed treatment, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (MRI or CT) during the screening period
Use of food or drugs known to be potent CYP3A4 inhibitors and drugs known to be potent CYP3A4 inducers (for examples, see the Prohibited Medications Section)
Major surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or other anti-cancer therapy within 3 weeks before treatment
Any of the following within 6 months prior to study consent: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE Grade 2 or more, atrial fibrillation of any grade, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack, or symptomatic pulmonary embolism
Impairment of gastro-intestinal function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of palbociclib, such as history of GI surgery which may result in intestinal blind loops and patients with clinically significant gastroparesis, short bowel syndrome, unresolved nausea, vomiting, active inflammatory bowel disease or diarrhea of CTCAE Grade > 1\
Prior hematopoietic stem cell or bone marrow transplantation
Known hypersensitivity to anastrozole
Known human immunodeficiency virus infection
Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 4 weeks before treatment initiation in this study
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