The FDA has awarded 15 grants totaling more than $14 million to boost the development of products for patients with rare diseases.
The Orphan Drug Act was passed in 1983 to stimulate the development of products to treat rare diseases and conditions. For drugs, a disease or condition is considered rare if it affects less than 200,000 persons in the U.S. For medical devices, a disease or condition is considered rare when it occurs so infrequently in the U.S. that there is no reasonable expectation that a medical device for such disease or condition will be developed without assistance. There are about 6,800 rare diseases and conditions, according to the NIH. In total, nearly 30 million Americans suffer from at least one rare disease.
A panel of outside experts with experience in the disease-related fields reviewed applications for the grants, which will be administered through the FDA's Orphan Products Grants Program. The grant recipients are:
· Leonide Saad, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, for a phase I study of ALK001 for the treatment of Stargardt disease—about $167,000 for one year.
· Parinda Mehta, Children's Hospital Medical Center Cincinnati, for a phase I study of Quercetin for the treatment of Fanconi anemia—$600,000 over three years.
· Diva De Leon, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, for a phase IIa study of Exendin for the treatment of congenital hyperinsulinism—about $759,000 over three years.
· Soma Jyonouchi, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, for a phase I study of IL-2 for the treatment of Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome—$600,000 over three years.
· Dwight Koeberl, Duke University, for a phase I/II study of Clenbuterol for the treatment of Pompe disease—$400,000 over two years.
· Leslie Kean, Emory University, for a phase II study of Abatacept combined with Calcineurin Inhibition and Methotrexate for Prophylaxis of graft versus host disease—about $1.6 million over four years.
· Todd Levine, PNA Center for Neurological Research, for a phase IIb study of Memantine for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis—about $990,000 over three years.
· Joseph Reynolds, Spineform, for a phase II study of the HemiBridge System for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis—$1.6 million over four years.
· Jonathan Davis, Tufts Medical Center, for a phase II study of rhCC10 to prevent neonatal bronchopulmonary dysplasia—about $1.6 million over four years.
· Glenn Furuta, University of Colorado Denver, for a phase II study of Esophageal String Test in diagnosing eosinophilic esophagitis—about $400,000 over two years.
· Johan Van Hove, University of Colorado Denver, for a phase I/II study of Taurine for the treatment of cystathionine beta-synthase deficient homocystinuria—about $400,000 over two years.
· Laurence Cooper, University Of TexasMD Anderson Cancer Center, for a phase I study of Umbilical Cord Blood Derived CD19 Specific T cell Therapy in the treatment of advanced B-cell malignancies—$600,000 over three years.
· Karl Anderson, University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston, for a phase II study of Hemin for the treatment and prevention of porphyria attacks—about $1.5 million over four years.
· Christopher Goss, University of Washington, for a phase II study of Intravenous Gallium Nitrate for the treatment of cystic fibrosis—about $1.6 million over four years.
· Michael Debaun, Vanderbilt University, for a phase II study of Montelukast for the treatment of sickle cell anemia—about $1.59 million over four years.
"The FDA is committed to fostering and encouraging the development of products for rare diseases, most of which have no available or adequate treatments," said Gayatri R. Rao, M.D., J.D., director of the FDA's Office of Orphan Product Development. "The grants awarded this year support studies in very vulnerable, difficult-to-treat populations who have no available options."
The FDA's Orphan Products Grants Program was created by the Orphan Drug Act to promote the development of products for rare diseases. Since its inception, the program has given more than $300 million to fund more than 530 new clinical studies developing treatments for rare diseases and has been used to bring 50 products to marketing approval.