China to reform drug approval system
China has decided to reform its appraisal and approval system for drugs and medical instruments with the aim of improving drug safety and quality and encouraging innovation.
According to a guideline issued by the China State Council on Aug. 18, China aims to set up a more scientific and efficient system to ensure the safety and quality of medicines and medical instruments that come into the market.
The relevant authorities will make efforts to strike a balance between the number of registration applications received and those that are approved by the end of 2016. They also will ensure that, by 2018, every application will be approved or rejected within a certain time limit.
The State Council requested that the approval standards for medicines should be improved by adjusting the classification of drug registration. The appraisal and approval process of innovative drugs will be accelerated, including drugs to treat AIDS, cancer, serious infectious and rare diseases.
Institutions and staff involved in the R&D of drugs will be allowed to apply for the registration of new drugs. Once these drugs are transferred to enterprises for manufacturing, no further appraisal will be required.
Approvals concerning the clinical trials of drugs and medical instruments will be further improved. Additionally, procedures on drug approvals will be simplified, so that applications for drugs and relevant packing and materials will be approved at the same time.
In order to enhance the transparency of approvals, information concerning drug supply and demand, as well as registration applications, will be released in a timely manner. The public will be able to view the list of approvals and make enquiries, if required, and applicants also will be informed of the approval process and results.