Amgen has announced that the FDA has approved the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) of Kyprolis (carfilzomib) for Injection in combination with dexamethasone or with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three lines of therapy. The FDA also approved Kyprolis as a single agent for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one or more lines of therapy. This FDA decision converts to full approval the initial accelerated approval Kyprolis received in July 2012 as a single agent.
"Kyprolis is the only approved therapy for relapsed multiple myeloma with proven efficacy as a single agent, doublet and triplet combination that is offered in a variety of doses to meet individual patient needs," said Sean E. Harper, M.D., executive vice president of R&D at Amgen. "Importantly, this new approval supports the use of Kyprolis as a backbone therapy for the management of relapsed multiple myeloma, a difficult-to-treat blood cancer."
"Multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease where relapse inevitably occurs and over time patients become resistant to treatments," said Dr. Ruben Niesvizky, director of the Multiple Myeloma Center at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. "As a clinician, I'm pleased with the tremendous progress that we have seen in the past 12 months in multiple myeloma treatment. This FDA approval is important because it provides physicians with flexible options for Kyprolis use in helping to manage this challenging disease."
The approval is based on results from the phase III head-to-head ENDEAVOR study. This was a superiority trial in which the primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The data showed patients with relapsed multiple myeloma treated with Kyprolis and dexamethasone achieved 50% greater PFS of 18.7 months compared to 9.4 months in those receiving Velcade (bortezomib) and dexamethasone (HR=0.53; 95% CI: 044, 0.65 p<0.0001), a current standard-of-care in relapsed multiple myeloma. Patients in the study were treated until disease progression. The most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 20%) in the Kyprolis arm were anemia, diarrhea, dyspnea, fatigue, insomnia, pyrexia and thrombocytopenia.
This new indication for Kyprolis is the second in six months. In July 2015, the FDA approved another expanded indication for Kyprolis in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (KRd) for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior lines of therapy.