The NIH has awarded funding for a research network devoted to the health and well-being of adolescents and young adults with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. The awards, up to $24 million in 2016, provide for three research centers and a data coordinating center that will make up the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN).
“Most new HIV infections occur in young people,” said Bill G. Kapogiannis, M.D., network co-director and medical officer at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the NIH institute providing much of the funding for the awards. “Many in this population go a long time before they find out they have HIV and often do not get the care they need.”
As a result, Dr. Kapogiannis said, their health may suffer and they risk passing the virus on to future partners. The purpose of the ATN is to get at-risk youth into care, while at the same time offering them the opportunity to participate in research trials that have the potential to improve their health and the health of others. The newly funded ATN centers will conduct studies aimed at preventing HIV infection among youth. They also will seek to enroll HIV-infected youth into treatment studies to improve their health and prevent transmission to others.
“Many at-risk youth are not aware that they need HIV and STI testing or prevention services,” said Sonia Lee, Ph.D, network co-director and program officer at NICHD. “ATN studies will focus on helping this population engage with available services and avoid behaviors that increase the risk of HIV infection.”
The awards will support three leadership hubs and a coordinating center. Researchers in the network will conduct research through collaborations within the network and with researchers in other institutions. Researchers in each leadership hub will form relationships with clinical sites in urban centers throughout the U.S. that have expertise in conducting research studies and in providing care for HIV-infected youth.
The principal investigators and the hubs they lead are:
Myra Carpenter, Ph.D., and Michael Hudgens, Ph.D., will serve as co-principal investigators for the coordinating center at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. The center will serve as the central resource for network communications, cataloging of biosamples, and data management.
Additional funding for the ATN will be provided by the NIH Office of AIDS Research. Other NIH institutes that will collaborate with the ATN include the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities.