Periostat (doxycycline hyclate)

The following drug information is obtained from various newswires, published medical journal articles, and medical conference presentations.

Approval Status:

Approved October 1998

Specific Treatments:

Dental

Therapeutic Areas

General Information

Periostat is indicated for use as an adjunct to scaling and root planing to promote attachment level gain and to reduce pocket depth in patients with adult periodontitis.

Side Effects

This drug is contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines.

Mechanism of Action

Doxycycline has been shown to inhibit collagenase activity in vitro. Additional studies have shown that doxycycline reduces the elevated collagenase activity in the gingival crevicular fluid of patients with adultperiodontitis. The clinical significance of these findings is not known.

Literature References

1.
Golub L.M., Sorsa T., Lee H-M., Ciancio S., Sorbi D., Ramamurthy N.S., Gruber B., Salo T., Konttinen Y.T.: Doxycycline Inhibits Neutrophil (PMN)-type Matrix Metalloproteinases in Human Adult Periodontitis Gingiva. J. Clin. Periodontol 1995; 22: 100-109.

2.
Golub L.M., Ciancio S., Ramamurthy N.S., Leung M., McNamara T.F.: Low-dose Doxycycline Therapy: Effect on Gingival and Crevicular Fluid Collagenase Activity in Humans. J. Periodont Res 1990; 25: 321-330

3.
Golub L.M., Lee H.M., Greenwald R.A., Ryan M.E., Salo T., Giannobile W.V.: A Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitor Reduces Bone-type Collagen Degradation Fragments and Specific Collegenases in Gingival Crevicular Fluid During Adult Periodontitis. Inflammation Research 1997; 46: 310-319.

4.
Saivain S., Houin G.: Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Doxycycline and Minocycline. Clin. Pharmacokinetics 1988; 15; 355-366.

5.
Schach von Wittenau M., Twomey T.: The Disposition of Doxycycline by Man and Dog. Chemotherapy 1971; 16: 217-228.

6.
Campistron G., Coulais Y., Caillard C., Mosser J., Pontagnier H., Houin G.: Pharmacokinetics and Bioavailability of Doxycycline in Humans. Arzneimittel Forschung 1986; 36: 1705-1707.