Clinical Trial Details

NCT ID: NCT03069352
Date Last Changed: September 29, 2017


Research Study Summary

Patients are needed to participate in a clinical research study of Venetoclax, Placebo and Cytarabine to evaluate Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Research Study Title

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study of Venetoclax Co-Administered With Low Dose Cytarabine Versus Low Dose Cytarabine in Treatment Naïve Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Are Ineligible for Intensive Chemotherapy


Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is an aggressive and rare cancer of myeloid cells (a white blood cell responsible for fighting infections). Successful treatment of AML is dependent on what subtype of AML the patient has, and the age of the patient when diagnosed.

Venetoclax is an experimental drug that kills cancer cells by blocking a protein (part of a cell) that allows cancer cells to stay alive. This study is designed to see if adding venetoclax to cytarabine works better than cytarabine on its own.

This is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind (treatment unknown to patients and doctors), placebo-controlled, multicenter study in patients with AML who are 18 or more years old and have not been treated before. Patients who take part in this study should not be suitable for intensive induction chemotherapy (usual starting treatment). Abbvie is funding this study which will take place at approximately 125 hospitals globally and enrol approximately 175 patients. In this study, 2/3 of patients will receive venetoclax every day with cytarabine and the remaining 1/3 will receive placebo (dummy) tablets with azacitidine.

Patients will continue to have study visits and receive treatment for as long as they are having a clinical benefit. The effect of the treatment on AML will be checked by taking blood, bone marrow, scans, measuring side effects and by completing health questionnaires. Blood and bone marrow tests will be completed to see why some people respond better than others. Additional blood tests will be completed for genetic factors and to see how long the drug remains in the body.

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Recruitment Details

18 to 99 Years
Overall Status
Lead Sponsor
29 Months
Facility Type


All ages 18 Years to 99 Years

Inclusion Criteria: - Participant must have histological confirmation of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) by World Health Organization criteria, is ineligible for intensive induction chemotherapy and either is:

  1. ≥ 75 years of age OR

  2. ≥ 18 to 74 years of age and fulfill at least one criteria associated with lack of fitness for intensive induction chemotherapy:

i. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status of 2 - 3; ii. Cardiac history of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) requiring treatment or Ejection Fraction ≤ 50% or chronic stable angina; iii. Diffusing Capacity of the Lung for Carbon Monoxide (DLCO) ≤ 65% or Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second(FEV1) ≤ 65%; iv. Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min to < 45 ml/min; v. Moderate hepatic impairment with total bilirubin > 1.5 to ≤ 3.0 × Upper Limit of Normal (ULN); vi. Other comorbidity that the physician judges to be incompatible with conventional intensive chemotherapy which must be reviewed and approved by the study medical monitor before study enrollment.

  • Participant must have an ECOG Performance status:

  • of 0 to 2 for participants ≥ 75 years of age or

  • of 0 to 3 for participants between 18 to 74 years of age.

  • Participant must have a projected life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.

  • Participant must have adequate renal function as demonstrated by a creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min; calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or measured by 24-hours urine collection.

  • Participant must have adequate liver function as demonstrated by:

a. aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3.0 × ULN* b. alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 × ULN* c. bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN* i. Subjects who are < 75 years of age may have bilirubin of ≤ 3.0 × ULN

  • Unless considered to be due to leukemic organ involvement.

  • Female participants must be either postmenopausal defined as:

  • Age > 55 years with no menses for 12 or more months without an alternative medical cause.

  • Age ≤ 55 years with no menses for 12 or more months without an alternative medical cause AND an FSH level > 40 IU/L; or

  • Permanently surgical sterile (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy); or

  • A Woman of Childbearing Potential (WOCBP) practicing at least one protocol specified method of birth control starting at Study Day 1 through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug.

  • Male participants who are sexually active, must agree, from Study Day 1 through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug, to practice the protocol specified contraception. Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation from initial study drug administration through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug.

  • Females of childbearing potential must have negative results for pregnancy test performed:

  • At Screening with a serum sample obtained within 14 days prior to the first study drug administration, and

  • Prior to dosing with urine sample obtained on Week 1 Day 1, if it has been > 7 days since obtaining the serum pregnancy test results.

  • Participants with borderline pregnancy tests at Screening must have a serum pregnancy test ≥ 3 days later to document continued lack of a positive result.

  • Participant must voluntarily sign and date an informed, approved by an Independent Ethics Committee (IEC)/Institutional Review Board (IRB), prior to the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria: - Participant has received any prior treatment for AML with the exception of hydroxyurea, allowed through the first cycle of study treatment. Note: Prior treatment for Myelodysplastic Syndrome is allowed except for use of cytarabine.

  • Participant had an antecedent myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) including myelofibrosis, essential thrombocytosis, polycythemia vera, or chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with or without BCR-ABL mutation.

  • Participants that have acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).

  • Participant has known Central Nervous System (CNS) involvement with AML.

  • Participant has known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection (due to potential drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral medications and venetoclax).

  • Participant is known to be positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Inactive hepatitis carrier status or low viral hepatitis titer on antivirals (non-exclusionary medications) are not excluded.

  • Participant has received strong or moderate CYP3A inducers 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment.

  • Participant has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or Star fruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment.

  • Participant has cardiovascular disability status of New York Heart Association Class > 2.

Class 2 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects are comfortable at rest but ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitations, dyspnea, or angina pain.

Class 3 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects are comfortable at rest but less than ordinary activity causes fatigue, palpitation, or dyspnea.

Class 4 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects have an inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort, symptoms of heart failure at rest, and if any physical activity is undertaken then discomfort increases.

  • Participant has chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen, or significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, cardiovascular disease, or any other medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participating in this study.

  • Participant has a malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration.

  • Participant exhibits evidence of other clinically significant uncontrolled systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial or fungal).

  • Participant has a history of other malignancies prior to study entry, with the exception of:

  • Adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri or carcinoma in situ of breast;

  • Basal cell carcinoma of the skin or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;

  • Previous malignancy confined and surgically resected (or treated with other modalities) with curative intent.

  • Participant has a white blood cell count > 25 × 109/L. (Note: Hydroxyurea administration or leukapheresis is permitted to meet this criterion).

Site Locations (28)

Country State City Zip Facility and Contact
United States Kentucky Louisville 40207 Norton Cancer Institute /ID# 158998
Australia Prahran 3181 The Alfred Hospital /ID# 160125
Czechia Praha 100 34 Fakultni Nemocnice Kralovske Vinohrady FNKV /ID# 159248
Hungary Kaposvar 7400 Kaposi Mor Oktato Korhaz /ID# 158175
Hungary Pecs 7624 Pecsi Tudomanyegyetem /ID# 163161
Japan Fukuoka Kyushu University Hospital /ID# 159688
Japan Hidaka-shi Saitama Medical University International Medical Center /ID# 161308
Japan Ibaraki National Hospital Organization Mito Medical Center /ID# 162988
Japan Kamigyo-Ku, Kyoto University Hospital,Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine /ID# 160101
Japan Komae, Tokyo Tokyo Jikei Daisan Hospital /ID# 159769
Japan Maebashi-shi Gunmaken Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital /ID# 160597
Japan Nagasaki-shi Nagasaki University Hospital /ID# 160233
Japan Nagoya National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center /ID# 159768
Japan Osaka sayama-shi Kindai University Hospital /ID# 160777
Japan Osaka-shi, Osaka Osaka City University Hospital /ID# 159722
Japan Sendai-shi Tohoku University Hospital /ID# 161151
Japan Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo NTT Medical Center Tokyo /ID# 160678
Japan Tokyo Juntendo University Hospital /ID# 159781
Japan Tokyo Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital /ID# 163821
Japan Yamagata-shi,Yamagata Yamagata University Hospital /ID# 161223
Japan Yoshida-gun,Fukui University of Fukui Hospital /ID# 159770
Korea, Republic of Daejeon 35015 Chungnam National University Hospital /ID# 158726
Korea, Republic of Seoul 03080 Seoul National University Hospital /ID# 162253
Russian Federation Kemerovo 650066 Kemerovo Regional Clinical Hospital /ID# 162991
Russian Federation Moscow 125284 City Clinical Hospital n.a. S.P. Botkina /ID# 164086
Russian Federation Nizhniy Novgorod 603126 Nizhniy Novgorod Regional Clinical Hospital /ID# 163186
Russian Federation Ryazan 390039 Ryazan Regional Clinical Hospital /ID# 163126
Taiwan Kaohsiung 807 Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital /ID# 161693


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