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Body Composition Clinical Trials

A listing of Body Composition medical research trials actively recruiting patient volunteers. Search for closest city to find more detailed information on a research study in your area.

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Found (52) clinical trials

Obesity is a growing national health problem that now affects over 35% of Americans and is the leading cause of preventable death. Obesity affects all organ systems and contributes to the cause of a multitude of medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and sleep apnea [1]. It is defined ...

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Growth and Body Composition in Preterm Infants

OBJECTIVES GENERAL Evaluate the growth and body composition of VLBW infants upon reaching the corresponding term gestational age (GA) and weight. SPECIFIC Evaluate the longitudinal growth and body composition of VLBW infants from the first week of life and at the corresponding term GA and weight. Relate the weight loss ...

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Body Composition and Adipose Tissue in HIV

HIV lipodystrophy is increasingly recognized as a common and clinically significant long-term sequelae of HIV treatment. In the HIV lipodystrophy lipohypertrophy phenotype, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is increased and this is associated with reduced growth hormone (GH) secretion. Mounting evidence also links this phenotype with dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, subclinical atherosclerosis ...

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Influence of Elevated Baseline Serum Creatinine and Body Composition on Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiac Surgery

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an infrequent but major and well - recognized complication of cardiac surgery (1, 2). Its incidence ranges from 1 to 30% (3). Numerous pre-, intra-, and postoperative factors have been associated with the development of AKI after cardiac surgery (3-19). Most commonly used definitions are ...

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Body Composition and Lipid Metabolism at Rest and During Exercise: A Cross-Sectional and Prospective Analysis.

Metabolic flexibility broadly refers to the ability to utilize the right fuel source for energy (primarily either carbohydrate or fat) at the right time (Kelley and Mandarino, 2000). This was first conceptualised at the level of skeletal muscle (Kelley and Mandarino, 1990; Andres et al., 1956). A main tenant originally ...

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Comparing Effects of Liraglutide and Bariatric Surgery on Weight Loss Liver Function Body Composition Insulin Resistance Endothelial Function and Biomarkers of Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) in Obese Asian Adults

The morbidity and mortality from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disease worldwide, are rapidly increasing as a result of the global explosion in obesity, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region where there will be an estimated 300 million obese people by 20302. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a subset ...

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Ultra Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA): Accurate and Precise Quantitative Multi-compartment Body Composition

This is a cross-sectional comparative technology study using a sample of convenience stratified by age, sex, and BMI. Following consent, each participant will undergo: 6 DXA whole body scans. The primary measure is bone mineral mass and body volume. DXA body volume is measured using equations from previous work that ...

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Patient Fitness and Body Composition During Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

This proposal aims to characterize biochemical and physiologic factors that contribute to changes in patient fitness and body composition during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) for hematologic malignancies. The investigators hypothesize that: 1) HCT for hematologic malignancies is associated with a change in biochemical and physiologic factors that reflect patient ...

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Frailty and Body Composition in the Elderly Cancer Patients Treated With Chemotherapy

The investigators could hypothesize that age-related changes in body composition parameters play a role in the variable tolerance to chemotherapy in the elderly. However none of the studies relating body composition and chemotoxicity included elderly as a specific subpopulation. Furthermore in the majority of studies, body composition analyses are based ...

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Measurement of Body Composition by Air Displacement Plethysmography in Pediatric Intestinal Failure Patients

Infants and children with intestinal failure (IF) require prolonged periods of parenteral nutrition (PN) for sustenance and growth until intestinal adaptation allows adequate enteral intake. Lean body mass (or muscle mass) preservation and accrual is an important goal during this phase of nutritional rehabilitation. However, lean body mass is not ...

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