Last updated on May 2017

Exclusive Human Milk Feeding in Infants With Single Ventricle Physiology


Brief description of study

A randomized, blinded, controlled trial to evaluate growth velocity and clinical outcomes in infants with single ventricle physiology fed an exclusive human milk diet prior to, and throughout the post-operative period following, surgical repair. Human milk is defined as expressed human milk or donor milk and its derivatives, human milk-based fortifier and human milk caloric fortifier. The study hypothesis is that infants fed an exclusive human milk diet will have short and long term benefits, with improved wound healing, growth, and neurodevelopmental outcomes while reducing episodes of feeding intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).

Detailed Study Description

This is a single blinded (physician investigator), randomized, controlled trial to evaluate growth velocity and clinical outcomes in infants with single ventricle physiology fed an exclusive human milk diet during their initial hospitalization after birth and through the 30 days post-surgical repair feeding period or hospital discharge, whichever comes first. Subjects will be randomized to one of two groups at birth or immediately following diagnosis if prenatal care was not obtained prior to birth. Parents who decline participation by their infants in the study will be asked to consent to data gathering on their infants who will be treated and fed per institutional practice. The data on these individuals will be summarized and evaluated descriptively in comparison with the actual trial results. All patients will receive exclusive maternal human milk or donor human milk prior to randomization. Once randomized, patients in Group One will receive an exclusive human milk diet prior to the surgery and throughout the 30-day feeding period following surgical repair or until hospital discharge, whichever comes first. Day 1 is defined as the day of the first enteral feed post-surgery. Patients in Group Two (Control Group) will receive maternal human milk or formula or donor human milk (per standard of care at each hospital) in the pre-surgical period. In the post-surgical period the control group will receive human milk or formula, as per feeding algorithm The primary objective of this study is to evaluate growth velocity (weight velocity [g/kg/day] and weight z-score from World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts) at 30 days after the initiation of feed post-surgery for infants with single ventricle physiology who are fed an exclusive human milk diet from birth through the 30 day feeding period following surgical repair or until hospital discharge, whichever comes first.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02860702

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Sudha Kashyap, MD

Columbia University
New York, NY United States
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Lindsey Justice, NP

Cincinatti Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, OH United States
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Patricia Williams, MD

OU Children's Hospital at OU Medical Center
Oklahoma City, OK United States
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Erin Gordon, MD

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX United States
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Victor Levy, MD

Cook Children's Medical
Fort Worth, TX United States
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Amy Hair, MD

Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, TX United States
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Cynthia L Blanco, MD

University Health System
San Antonio, TX United States
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