Last updated on March 2018

Cardiac Contractility Modulation (CCM) Therapy in Subjects With Medically Refractory Heart Failure

Brief description of study

The study is designed to substantiate the efficacy of Cardiac Contractility Modulation (CCM) in the heart failure population with ejection fraction ranging between 25 and 45%. The study is designed in an adaptive manner to ensure proper statistical significance and power of the primary efficacy evaluation.

Detailed Study Description

This study will collect efficacy data in a randomized controlled setting, including New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II and III Heart Failure population with baseline ejection fraction (EF) of 25% to 45%.

There is previous evidence related to the beneficial effect of CCM in patients with baseline ejection fraction of <35%. While patients with EF between 35% and 45% were not prospectively studied in the original clinical study initially conducted to support Conformit Europene (CE) Marking of the OPTIMIZER System, recently available data from a randomized study that included such patients show CCM to be safe and effective in this group of patients as well. Furthermore, the literature supports that this population has very similar clinical characteristics, in practice are treated with nearly the same medications, and have similar underlying mechanisms of disease compared to patients with EF <35%. CCM has been successfully used also in patients with EF greater than 35% in routine use and in the FIX-HF-5 study.

Since the system is CE marked and since the population includes patients meeting the approved indication as well as population that has shown to benefit from CCM (EF 35%-45%), the risk involved in performing such a clinical investigation seems acceptable.

The study is designed to substantiate the efficacy of CCM in heart failure patients with EFs in the range of 25%-to-45% (inclusive). This is a prospective, randomized study comparing CCM plus optimal medical therapy (OMT) (Treatment Group) to OMT alone (Control Group) over a 24 week period. The primary endpoint shall be a comparison of changes in Peak VO2, which is an established objective physiological indicator of exercise capacity which is relevant in heart failure device studies. To further improve the accuracy and objectivity of measurements, double assessment of the Peak VO2 will be performed at each of the primary time points. Tests can be performed using upright and semi-supine bicycle ergometer or using treadmill. In sites where more than one option is available, bicycle ergometer is the preferred option. Treadmill is only allowed in case no bicycle is available at the site. Each subject shall be consistently tested using the same method throughout the study. The study is designed in an adaptive manner to ensure proper statistical significance and power of the primary efficacy evaluation.

The study will collect additional (exploratory) efficacy data on the difference between the treatment group and control group in the changes over 24 weeks in predicted survival probability. To evaluate the survival probability, two established models are used: the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM), and the Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) model . These models use information collected at a certain time point to predict survival probabilities over the following years. The information used for such prediction includes status of the disease (NYHA, Left Ventricular EF (LVEF)), documented medical history and co-morbidities, documented therapies and medications, and standard blood tests values.

Additionally, hospitalization data will be collected from medical records of the site and/or from any other medical records of clinics/hospitals where the patient may have been treated for a timeframe of 12 months before enrollment and until 24 weeks after the Study Start Date (SSD).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02857309

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Universit tsklinik Innere Medizin
Graz, Austria

Universtit tsklinikum; Medizinische Klinik I
Aachen, Germany

Helios Klinikum; 3. Medizinische Klinik
Erfurt, Germany

Albertinen Krankenhaus
Hamburg, Germany

Universit t Leipzig; Abteilung f r Kardiologie und Angiologie
Leipzig, Germany

4th Military Hospital
Wroclaw, Poland

Karolinska University Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden

Universit tsklinikum; Kardiologie im Herzzentrum
Köln, Germany