Last updated on February 2018

Evaluation of Soluble Fibrin in Thrombosis Exclusion

Brief description of study

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the performances of Soluble Fibrin assay for exclusion of Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis. Secondary objectives are to determine the threshold value from the ROC curves, the possible interest in the positive diagnosis of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE), and to verify the absence of influence of age on the SF results.

Detailed Study Description

Rationale. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major public health problem. D-dimer (D-Di) assay is useful to exclude VTE (DVT and PE) but not specific, requiring irradiating and expensive imaging tests. Preliminary results suggest that the Soluble Fibrin (SF) assay has a sensitivity comparable to the D-Di one, but a higher specificity and thus would limit the use of imaging tests.

Main objective. To evaluate the performances of Soluble Fibrin assay in terms of sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values for exclusion of Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis, in comparison with the D-Dimer test. To determine the threshold value from the ROC curves.

Patients. Inclusion criteria: patients 18 years or older, referred to the Emergency or Internal Medicine Units, for clinically suspected of PE or DVT.

The study was conducted in compliance with French regulation after ethics approval, the authorization for processing personal data (Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Liberts, 8, rue Vivienne CS 30223 75083 Paris Cedex 02) decision DR-2015-174 was obtained in April 2015. A preliminary study was performed from April 2015 to September 2015 to define the exclusion criteria.

Comparison with the D-Dimer test. Plasma D-dimer (D-Di) and soluble fibrin are measured in case of low and intermediate clinical probability.

Patients will be classified in two groups, as having or not having PE or DVT on predefined criteria according to the recent guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology by physicians who will be unaware of the SF assay result. PE and DVT have to be confirmed or excluded by the reference algorithm combining clinical probability, D-Dimer, and imaging tests with three month-follow up. The patient who could not be contacted after three months are included in the study and taken into account with the mention "without follow up".

SF Assays. Soluble fibrin is measured by one site, using prototype assays, on both citrated and heparinized frozen plasma taken at baseline. Staff in charge of the assays are not aware of the clinical and diagnosis decisions.

Statistical Analysis of results. The results of D-dimer and Soluble Fibrin assays for the exclusion of PE and DVT will be interpreted on the basis of sensitivity, specificity, negative and predictive values. The ROC curve will be built, the area under the curve will be calculated with its confidence interval. The most suitable threshold will be determined from the curve. Then the diagnosis performances of SF assay will be calculated according to the usual calculations.

The patients under anticoagulant treatment or with an activation of coagulation from known cause are included in the study but analyzed separately.

Number of participants required. A statistical analysis was realized before starting the study. The inclusion of 50 patients with a positive diagnostic of PE or DVT and about 350 patients with an exclusion of PE or DVT will allow calculation of the diagnosis performances of the SF assay and of the area under the ROC curve with an accuracy of 5%. Duration of the study. The total duration of the study is 12 months and up to 18 months if the number of patients could not be obtained.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02523937

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Michèle Pinson

Internal Medecine Unit - Adults Pole and Hematology Laboratory H pital Louis Mourier (AP-HP)
Colombes, France
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