Last updated on April 2016

Copper IUD Treatment Observation Study


Brief description of study

Studies indicate that bleeding irregularities and dysmenorrhea are common reasons for copper IUD method discontinuation. Some evidence suggests that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can help improve bleeding during Cu-IUD use. However, these studies did not examine NSAID use with the TCu380A specifically, nor did they evaluate readily available NSAIDs such as over-the-counter naproxen. For this reason, the investigators propose a pilot trial in which new TCu380A users complaining of heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding or spotting after 1 month of use are randomized to naproxen or placebo to be taken the first 7 days of menstruation for three consecutive cycles, and then observed for one cycle without treatment.

Detailed Study Description

The Copper IUD (Cu-IUD) is the most widely used IUD in the world, and its use in the United States (US) is on the rise. The Cu-IUD is considered one of the most effective contraception methods, being as effective as permanent sterilization but having the convenience of being reversible should a woman decide to conceive.2 The Copper 380A (TCu380A) is the only Cu-IUD available in the US; of all Cu-IUDs, the TCu380A is considered the most effective. Despite its increasing popularity in the US, studies indicate that bleeding irregularities and dysmenorrhea are common reasons for method discontinuation. Some evidence suggests that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can help improve bleeding during Cu-IUD use. However, these studies did not examine NSAID use with the TCu380A specifically, nor did they evaluate readily available NSAIDs such as over-the-counter naproxen. For this reason, the investigators propose a pilot trial in which new TCu380A users complaining of heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding or spotting after 1 month of use are randomized to naproxen or placebo to be taken the first 7 days of menstruation for three consecutive cycles, and then observed for one cycle without treatment. The number of bleeding/spotting days will be compared using Student t-test. In addition to assessing how well naproxen reduces incidence and amount of bleeding, the investigators will also assess the use of naproxen and TCu380A on quality of life, sexual function, method satisfaction, menstrual pain, and adverse events. By measuring these variables, the investigators will assess both positive and negative consequences of TCu380A use, ensuring that harm does not outweigh benefits.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02519231

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Lindsay Zimmerman, MPH

John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County
Chicago, IL United States
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Kelly Gilmore, MPH

Harborview Medical Center
Seattle, WA United States
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Kelly Gilmore, MPH

UW Neighborhood Clinic Northgate
Seattle, WA United States
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Kelly Gilmore, MPH

Hall Health Center
Seattle, WA United States
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Kelly Gilmore, MPH

University of Washington Medical Centers
Seattle, WA United States
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