Last updated on July 2018

Phase 3 Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Natroba for the Treatment of Scabies


Brief description of study

To assess the safety and efficacy of Natroba (spinosad) topical suspension versus placebo for the complete cure of scabies after a single treatment.

Detailed Study Description

This is a double blind, two-arm, 28-day, placebo-controlled study with approximately 120 infested "index" subjects randomized 1:1 to Natroba or Placebo. All members of a household (no more than 6 individuals) with a suspected "index" subject must be screened at the first visit. In this study, "index" subjects are defined as the youngest infested household member (4 years). If the members have an active scabies infestation and meet all other criteria, they must agree to participate in the study. Household members who do not present with scabies at the screening visit must also agree to apply the same blinded investigational product (IP) as household members who present with scabies. All infested household members must agree to participate in the study or none will be enrolled. Screening procedures include informed consent, medication and medical history, urine pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential, scabies assessment (visual evidence of burrows, inflammatory/non-inflammatory lesions and pruritus), microscopic examination of skin scraping, or dermatoscopy, to demonstrate the presence of mites, eggs, and/or scybala (dermatoscopy must confirm burrows), vital signs, general skin and eye assessment, randomization, and IP dispensing and instruction.

After screening on Day 1, all randomized subjects will be dispensed IP (Natroba or Placebo) to apply at home later the same day as a single treatment over the entire body from the neck down to the toes (including the soles of the feet) and to the scalp (if balding) or hairline, temples and forehead on the same day. Subjects less than 12 years of age should be assisted with administration by a parent, guardian or caregiver. Subjects will rub the treatment into the skin followed by a 10-minute wait period before getting dressed. Showering or bathing must not occur earlier than 6 hours after treatment and no later than at least 1 hour prior to Day 2 visit.

On Day 2 (Visit 2), all household members will return for general skin and eye assessments of possible irritation, and to confirm that all IP was left on for a minimum of 6 hours before bathing or showering. If a subject reports an adverse event assessed as related by the PI on Day 2 (Visit 2) then a follow-up visit with the investigator must be scheduled within 7 days of visit. All household members will receive a well-being phone call on Day 14 to continue to emphasize instructions to prevent re-infestation, determine if any concomitant medications have been used, and check for adverse events. If a subject reports an adverse event assessed as related by the PI on the Day 14 well-being phone call, then a follow-up visit with the investigator must be scheduled within 7 days of phone call.

On Day 28 (Visit 3), all household members will return to the clinic for safety and efficacy assessments. The primary endpoint of complete cure will be assessed in the "index" subject and any infested household members. If the infested subject is completely cured at Day 28, he or she will have completed the study and termination procedures will be conducted. If the subject is not completely cured at Day 28 (with Natroba or Placebo), the subject will receive 5% Permethrin and will be directed to their primary care physician for follow-up.

Safety assessments will be made for all household members and will include monitoring of adverse events (AEs) throughout the study, vital signs recording (Days 1 and 28), clinical laboratory analyses (Days 1 and 28), and general skin and eye irritation assessments (Days 1, 2, and 28). The Day 28 procedures will also be completed for early termination (ET) except subjects will not receive rescue Permethrin but will be directed to follow-up with their primary care physician.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02485704

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Stephen M Schleicher, MD

DermDox Centers for Dermatology
Hazleton, PA United States
1.17miles