Last updated on January 2016

Validation of a Non-invasive In-vitro Diagnostic Test (Peptest) Against Other Diagnostic Methods for GERD


Brief description of study

The primary objective of this clinical study is to determine whether Peptest (Human Pepsin lateral flow in vitro diagnostic medical device) is equivalent to other GERD diagnostic methods commonly applied in clinical practice by testing a large number of clinical samples. This will be performed by evaluating Peptest results in GERD patients (Erosive esophagitis or NERD), defined using standard clinical procedures, and compared to healthy controls.

Detailed Study Description

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) mainly manifests as three types, erosive esophagitis (EE), non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and Barrett's esophagus. EE is characterized by damaged distal esophageal mucosa which is visible by endoscope, and also referred to as "endoscopically positive gastroesophageal reflux disease". NERD is defined as discomfort related to reflux without any obvious mucosal damage by endoscope, and is also known as "endoscopically negative gastroesophageal reflux disease". At present the diagnosis of GERD uses syndrome-based diagnosis, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) test, 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, endoscopy, etc. However, some of the above methods lack specificity and some may bring great suffering to patients due to being invasive (e.g., 24-hour esophagus pH monitoring). The disadvantage of endoscopy lies in its low detection rate, only 2.95% to 4.1% as NERD is the most frequent diagnosis. Therefore, diagnosis based on GERD syndromes still remains one of the most common diagnostic methods. In recent years, questionnaire surveys about GERD have been carried out at abroad, aiming at finding a simple and feasible diagnostic method. As one of the worlds's most recognized and commonly used diagnostic scale for the diagnosis of GERD, reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) is a survey of medical history mainly based on symptom score. Studies at both home and abroad have confirmed its validity and reliability in the diagnosis of GERD. The reflux symptom index (RSI) is a validated questionnaire used to confirm the presence (or absence) of extra-esophageal reflux that are atypical symptoms of reflux that control subjects may overlook. Peptest (Human Pepsin lateral flow in vitro diagnostic medical device) can be used in clinic for fast and convenient pepsin detection in patients' saliva. Pepsin, detected from saliva samples, can be regarded as a marker of a reflux event for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether Peptest (Human Pepsin lateral flow in vitro diagnostic medical device) produced by RD Biomed Limited is equivalent to other GERD diagnostic methods commonly applied in clinical practice by testing a large number of clinical samples. GERD patients and controls will provide saliva samples and these will be tested for the presence of pepsin using Peptest. Peptest results (positive or negative) will be evaluated in GERD patients (Erosive esophagitis or NERD) defined using standard clinical diagnostic tools and compared to controls (confirmed to not have reflux using two validated questionnaires).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02456779

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Xiaofeng Yu

Huadong Hospital afflicted to Fudan University
Shanghai, China
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Jingyuan Fang

Renji Hospital Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
Shanghai, China
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Jie Zhong

Ruijin Hospital
Shanghai, China
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Zhanjv Liu

Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital
Shanghai, China
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Changqing Yang

Tongji Hospital
Shanghai, China
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Xizhong Shen

Zhongshan Hospital
Shanghai, China
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