Last updated on September 2018

Comparison of Prevena Negative Pressure Incision Management System vs. Standard Dressing After Vascular Surgery

Brief description of study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of negative pressure incision management system (Prevena Incision Management System (PIMS) or ActiVAC with the Prevena Dressings (Peel and Place or Customizable), KCI) in the prevention of wound complications including surgical site infection (SSI) and non-infectious complications in patients undergoing vascular surgery with groin incisions.

Detailed Study Description

Complications such as surgical site infections, deep wound infections, prosthetic graft infections, and non-infections problems such as wound dehiscence continue to cause significant morbidity for patients undergoing arterial reconstruction for peripheral arterial disease. Patients undergoing leg bypass surgery for limb salvage are at particular risk due to their medical problems such as diabetes and renal failure and location of incisions along the groin area. Surgical site infections (SSI) are estimated to occur in 5-40% of patients undergoing arterial bypass for lower extremity arterial occlusive disease. The in-hospital SSI rate is 5% across the Vascular Study Group of New England, a regional quality improvement registry. Factors contributing to wound infections include patient factors such as advanced age and comorbidities such as obesity, diabetes and renal insufficiency and surgical factors including the division of local lymphatics in the groin, placement of a prosthetic graft and inherent difficulty in keeping an incision across the groin crease covered, dry and protected.

Despite the use of standard sterile technique and perioperative preventative antibiotics infections these complications continue to cause patient morbidity. In addition these complications increase the intensity and cost of care with an added estimated expense of $11,000 per incident. New strategies are needed to reduce these complications. Negative pressure wound therapy has the potential to prevent a variety of wound complications. One innovative strategy that has shown promise is the application of the Prevena dressing system over the closed surgical incision. The dressing consists of a sterile sponge that is placed over the incision followed by a plastic adhesive covering that is used to secure it to the skin forming an air-tight seal. The sponge is then connected by tubing to a vacuum that applies negative pressure to the closed system. This allows fluid to drain from the wound and into a container connected to the dressing. When compared to surgical dressing with sterile gauze and tape, the Prevena dressing system has the advantages of providing a sterile barrier, reducing tension on the incision, and removing fluid from the incision. Please refer to patient brochure for an illustration and further description of the Prevena dressing system.

Negative pressure wound therapy has been applied for many years to enhance healing of a variety of open wounds including pressure wounds, diabetic ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, open infected surgical to traumatic wounds and burns with variable success. The treatment is based on evenly distributed local negative pressure applied to the wound surface. The open wound is filled with a sponge and covered with an occlusive dressing which is then connected by means of a set of suction tubes to a device which applies negative pressure on the surface of the wound that can be adjusted either cyclically or continuously. The fluid from the wound is collected into a container. The benefits of negative pressure wound therapy have been reported to include removal of infectious material, reduction in edema and improved perfusion to tissue.

The success of negative pressure wound therapy with open wounds has been extrapolated to intact surgical incisions. Recently a negative pressure wound therapy dressing has been developed for use over closed surgical incisions.

The investigators aim to study the ability of a negative pressure wound therapy dressing to prevent wound complications after vascular surgery involving incisions in the groin.

The aim of this study is to compare the Prevena dressing system to standard surgical dressing in patients undergoing leg bypass surgery or femoral endarterectomy with or without patch angioplasty involving the common femoral artery and/or profunda and/or proximal superficial femoral artery. The index groin may have undergone prior procedures (may be inflow or outflow for existing grafts), but the patient must have fully healed from the prior operation. May include patients with concomitant proximal and/or distal peripheral vascular intervention. The patch may be autogenous venous or arterial or prosthetic material such as bovine pericardium, dacron or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) as well as bilateral femoral endartectomies are eligible for enrollment. The right and left groin incision would be randomized to the same dressing which is consistent with routine clinical practice. for vascular disease involving their legs in a multicenter randomized trial. All other aspects of the procedure are the part of standard vascular surgery practice. Patients undergoing vascular surgery with an incision in the groin will be treated with a standard gauze dressing or the Prevena wound management system which will be applied in the operating room and left on the wound for 5-7 days. Follow-up visits to assess the surgical wound are already standard of care. The two groups will be compared based on the primary and secondary endpoints listed in these documents. Quality of life will be compared by a patient survey and a cost analysis will be performed.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02389023

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Jens Eldrup-Joregensen, MD

Maine Medical Center
Portland, ME United States
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Keith Ozaki, MD

Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, MA United States
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Mark Wyers, MD

Beth Isreal Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, MA United States
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Daniel Bertges, MD

University of Vermont Medical Center
Burlington, VT United States
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Bjoern D Suckow, MD

Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, NH United States
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