Last updated on April 2018

Breast Reconstruction With Acellular Dermal Matrix in the Setting of Breast Cancer Treatment

Brief description of study

To evaluate breast reconstruction with implants using biological mesh (Strattice™) in the setting of breast cancer treatment.

Detailed Study Description

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of immediate breast reconstruction with Acellular Dermal Matrix (Strattice™), measuring safety, effectiveness, and costs. The primary outcome measure is number of unplanned surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized multicenter trial. One hundred and twenty patients with breast cancer will be enrolled into the study. Study duration will be two years from time of primary cancer surgery. TRIAL DESIGN This is a randomized controlled multicenter trial, comparing IBR without (group A) and with (group B) the use of ADM. Participants eligible for the study are patients with breast cancer, planned for mastectomy, who wishes IBR with implants. Each participant is individually randomized to either be reconstructed using implants with total submuscular coverage (A) or reconstruction with ADM and partial muscle coverage (B). Method of assigning patients to treatment groups: After signing and dating the informed consent the patient is entered into the study. If all inclusion and none of the exclusion criteria are full filled, the patient will be randomized to group A or group B. TREATMENT/ INTERVENTION The decision and treatment plan advocating mastectomy is based on multi disciplinary conference (MDT), and the diagnosis of invasive or pre-invasive (in situ) breast cancer is made on triple assessment. If the patient wishes to undergo immediate implant based reconstruction, and meets the selection criteria for entering the study, she is randomly selected to be treated according to Group A or Group B. Group A will be reconstructed with expander or anatomical gel implant without ADM, using complete muscle coverage. Group B will be reconstructed with expander or anatomical gel implant using partial muscle coverage in conjunction with ADM. Randomization at enrollment is made with regard to the use of ADM or not, so both expander and direct-to-implant techniques will be utilized in both groups, depending on the quality of skin flaps at time of surgery. RANDOMIZATION TYPE Patients will be allocated to treatment according to permuted block technique. The actual randomization will be performed using computer based system located at Regional Cancer Center (RCC) within Karolinska Institutet. In this system inclusion and exclusion criteria will be automatically checked before patients are randomized to treatment. The randomization process will be stratified for the participating units. STATISTICAL METHODS The main endpoint to be analyzed is the proportion of unplanned reoperations after the initial breast reconstruction. The difference in proportions between the two groups will be presented as a difference in proportion together with a 95% confidence interval. Differences will be tested using Fishers Exact Test. Logistic regression will be used to take into account possible confounding factors. STUDY MANAGEMENT Data recording: The investigators will ensure that all data from patient visits are entered promptly in ink, in the case report forms (CRF). The principal investigator must sign the final CRF page to attest to the accuracy and completeness of the data. The data from the CRFs are then transferred to a database. Monitoring and audit: At periods not exceeding 3 months, centers will be contacted to discuss the progress of the trial, with the purpose to verify CRF data against source records for accuracy of data recording and collection.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02061527

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Håkan Glimåker, MD

Falun Hospital, Department of Breast Surgery
Falun, Sweden

Catharina Eriksen, MD PhD

Capio S:t Gorans Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden

Fredrik Lohmander, MD

Karolinska University Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden

Catharina Eriksen, MD PhD

S dersjukhuset AB
Stockholm, Sweden

Pankaj G Roy, MD PhD

Oxford University Hospitals
Oxford, United Kingdom