Last updated on June 2016

Selenium Supplementation in Autoimmune Thyroiditis


Brief description of study

Our aim is to investigate if selenium supplementation versus placebo adjuvant to the standard treatment with levothyroxine (LT4) in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis will lead to improved thyroid specific quality of life, and reduced autoimmune activity. The trial will include 472 participants (2 X 236) from four clinical trial sites.

Detailed Study Description

Background: Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is a common autoimmune disease that often leads to impaired function of the thyroid gland, increases in incidence with age, and has an 8-9 time female preponderance. Quality of life is often impaired and complaints persist in a considerable number of patients, even after restoration of euthyroidism. The autoimmune component of the disease has been suggested as an explanation for this. Selenium is a micro nutritive essential for human health and the thyroid gland has the highest selenium concentration of all human tissues. Selenoproteins catalyse thyroid hormone metabolism and anti-oxidative processes in thyrocytes. In addition they are important to immune function. In Denmark, patients with AIT have lower blood selenium concentration than the background population. The majority of 13 randomised trials have shown that selenium supplementation decreases serum thyroid peroxidase antibody levels (TPO-Ab) in patients with AIT, when compared with placebo. We hypothesise that adjuvant selenium may be beneficial in the treatment of AIT. Objectives: To investigate if selenium supplementation versus placebo adjuvant to the standard treatment with levothyroxine (LT4) in patients with AIT will lead to improved thyroid specific quality of life, and reduced autoimmune activity. Design and trial size: The CATALYST trial is an investigator-initiated randomised, blinded, multicentre clinical trial of selenium supplementation versus placebo in patients with AIT. The trial will include 472 participants (2 X 236) from four clinical trial sites. Intervention and duration: The experimental intervention group will receive 200 μg selenium-enriched yeast as two oral tablets once daily for 12 months. The control group will receive two placebo tablets, identical in appearance, taste and smell, once daily for 12 months. Six months additional follow-up leads to a trial duration of 18 months. The experimental supplement will be SelenoPrecise® by Pharma Nord ApS. Time schedule: July 2012 - February 2014: preparation, approval and trial registration . March 2014: first participant first visit. March 2016: last participant first visit. September 2017: last participant last visit. Autumn 2017: analysis of biological samples and data, preparation of manuscripts.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02013479

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Steen J Bonnema, MD, DMSc

Clinic of Medical Endocrinology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet
Copenhagen, Denmark
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Steen J Bonnema, MD, DMSc

Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology, Bispebjerg Hospital
Copenhagen, Denmark
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