Last updated on October 2016

Iron Replacement in Oesophagogastric Neoplasia


Brief description of study

40 eligible patients with confirmed esophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma and anemia will be randomized to a control or intervention group for management of this anemia. The control group treatment will consist of standard treatments as governed by the clinical team (eg oral iron, blood transfusions) whilst the intervention group will be treated with intravenous iron III isomaltoside (Monofer ®). It is hypothesized that intravenous iron supplementation is more efficacious than standard therapies.

Detailed Study Description

Anemia is a common problem to affect patients diagnosed with esophageal or gastric cancer. This anemia is thought to be secondary to blood loss from the tumor, poor oral intake resulting from symptoms of the tumor, and impaired iron absorption secondary to neoplasia induced inflammatory processes. Patients undergoing palliative chemotherapy for esophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma are thus prone to development or exacerbation of anemia during their chemotherapy, as this tumor is remains in situ. Anemia results in symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, lethargy and chest pain, which can all affect quality of life. Oral iron and blood transfusions are the current mainstay of treatment for the condition, yet both have their disadvantages. Oral iron is often poorly tolerated due to side effects including constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain and nausea. Blood transfusions can also be administered but expose the patient to other risks including infection and transfusion associated reactions. In order to overcome these issues, intravenous iron preparations have been developed and have improved in safety. This is a single-center, randomized, open label, clinical trial, which looks to investigate the efficacy of intravenous iron is in the treatment of anemia in patients with a diagnosis of esophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients will be randomized to receive intravenous iron III isomaltoside (treatment group) or standard therapies decided by the clinical team (control). The outcomes reviewed will include the amount and frequency of blood transfusions received, changes in patient blood profiles and most importantly, patient quality of life scores. Patients will be followed from the start of their chemotherapy until the beginning of the third cycle. The primary hypothesis to be tested is that intravenous iron will increase quality of life by reducing the symptoms of anemia. We also hypothesize that there will be a decrease in blood transfusion rate in this group and improved changes in hemoglobin and hematinics. This is designed as a pilot study to determine the feasibility of a larger trial. Randomization will be performed using random allocation of opaque envelopes. All data will be confidentially recorded, as will drug reactions and side effects.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01927328

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Barrie D Keeler, FRCS

Nottingham Univeristy Hospitals NHS Trust
Nottingham, United Kingdom
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