Last updated on February 2008

The Preventive Efficacy of Carvedilol on Cardiac Dysfunction in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy


Brief description of study

Purpose This cardiac dysfunction in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is associated with minor cardiac damage as indicated by elevation of plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the administration of Carvedilol can suppress the minor cardiac damage and prevent deterioration of cardiac function.

Detailed Study Description

The life span in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy has been extending due to the development of artificial respiratory devices. According to that, the ratio of cardiac dysfunction as a cause of death has been increasing. This cardiac dysfunction was associated with minor cardiac damage as indicated by elevation of plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI). Furthermore, and the detection rate of cTnI plasma as revealed to be correlated with the deterioration speed of LV dysfunction assessed by serial echocardiography measurements. Accordingly, if this minor cardiac damage is suppressed, it is postulated that the progression of cardiac dysfunction can be stopped. In the cases with ventricular arrhythmia and tachycardia, we found plasma cTnI became undetectable after administration of beta-blocker. Accordingly, we investigate whether administration of beta-blocker, carvedilol can persistently suppress the minor cardiac damage and lead to suppress the deterioration of LV function. Note that his study preventive study for preserved to moderate LV dysfunction and is not intended to the beta-blocker treatment for severe LV dysfunction. Because we assume that the mechanism of elevation of cTnI is different; spontaneous in preserved to mild LV dysfunction in patients but LV wall stress in severe LV dysfunction in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00606775

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Takao Nishizawa, MD. PhD

Suzuka Hospial
Suzuka, Japan
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