Last updated on September 2012

Use of Flaxseed(Alpha Linolenic Acid) Powder in Morbidly Obese Patients With Systemic Inflammation

Brief description of study

Preliminary studies have shown that flaxseed powder, rich in the omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid,is beneficial for the general inflammation present in morbidly obese subjects by decreasing elevated serum markers.As omega-3 fatty acids display additional properties including possible amelioration of atherosclerosis,a 3-month supplementation protocol was devised.Arterial stiffness and intima thickness will be measured in severely obese subjects, in order to document possible reduction of these variables as well.

Detailed Study Description

Population:Morbidly obese non-smoking patients of the Department of Gastroenterology, candidates for possible bariatric treatment Criteria for inclusion: Males and females, 18- 65 years old, body mass index/BMI > 40 kg/m2 (or > 35 kg/m2 with comorbidities), non-hospitalized and receiving general oral diet, with elevated C-reactive protein/ CRP (> 5mg/L), and signing informed consent; Criteria for exclusion: SIRS, shock, coma or organ failure, fever or infectious foci, cancer with or without chemo/radiotherapy, inflammatory illnesses (rhematic, gastrointestinal or other), transplantation or immunologic diseases, trauma, surgery or hospitalization in the last 30 days, use of steroidal or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or immune-modulating agents or antibiotics, and refusal to participate in the study; Dietetic routine: Daily flaxseed powder (Farinha de linhaca dourada) 60 g/day (232 kcal , containing 10 g of alpha-linolenic acid/ALA) or placebo (commercial manioc flour 60 g/day, 120 kcal)) during 12 weeks. An additional 60 subjects (30 patients, 30 controls) will ve managed with 30 ml/day flaxseed oil (10 g of alpha-linolenic acid/ALA) or 30 ml/day placebo (safflower oil). Methods: Clinical questionnaire,nutritional assessment(Weight, height, BMI) Biochemical tests: Hemoglobin (HB) , white blood cell count (WBC), total cholesterol (CHOL) and fractions (HDL, LDL, VLDL), triglycerides (TRIG), blood glucose (GLU), serum albumin (ALB),insulin (INS), leptin (LEP),C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), complement fractions C3 and C4, coagulation profile Atherosclerosis markers: Arterial stiffness (aorta) and intima thickness (common carotid artery)

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00502021

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Ivan Cecconello, MD,PhD

Hospital das Clinicas-ICHC-9th Floor- Av. Eneias C. Aguiar 255
Sao Paulo, Brazil
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