Last updated on December 2005

A Taiwan Isoflavone Multicenter Study (TIMS)


Brief description of study

Consumption of soy-based foods is associated with a number of health benefits, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, breast and prostate cancer, attenuated menopausal symptoms and prevention of bone loss with age. In order to investigate the effect of isoflavone on bone mineral density (BMD) and in Taiwan women with postmenopausal osteopenia, a Taiwan Isoflavone Multicentric Enrollment Study (TIMS) is designed.

Detailed Study Description

Consumption of soy-based foods is associated with a number of health benefits, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, breast and prostate cancer, attenuated menopausal symptoms and prevention of bone loss with age. In order to investigate the effect of isoflavone on bone mineral density (BMD) and in Taiwan women with postmenopausal osteopenia, a Taiwan Isoflavone Multicentric Enrollment Study (TIMS) is designed. Included in the study will be Taiwanese, postmenopausal women aged >45 and < 65 years, menopaused for at least 12 months and less than 10 years. Three medical centers will participate and enroll 140 women in every center. Inclusion will be on the basis of a lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) lower than 1 SD compared with young age women (T score) by DXA. Women with prevalent fractures (any kind of fragility fracture, vertebral or nonvertebral fracture) are excluded as well as those presenting secondary osteoporosis or having been treated with medications that could affect bone metabolism. This study is designed as a 2-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-arm, parallel group study that randomizes the women to the oral administration of 300 mg isoflavone aglycone/day or placebo. All patients receive a daily supplement of 600 mg calcium and 300U of Vit D3. The primary endpoint of the study is to evaluate the effect of isoflavone aglycone on BMD. The secondary endpoint of the study will be to evaluate the effect of Isoflavone aglycone on the metabolic indicators of osteoporosis, blood pressure, blood sugar and insulin level, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile, markers of arthrosclerosis (adiponectin and hsCRP), myocardial infarction rate, cardiovascular mortality, cerebrovascular accident rate, cerebrovascular mortality, all cause mortality and symptomatic relief of menopausal syndrome, BMD reading will be done concomitantly by 3 experts, e.g. one from each participating center. All blood test and urine examination will be done at one center for control of quality. The blood count, biochemistry (including: GOT, GPT, BUN, creatinine), mammography, and gynecological sonography (especially uterus) will be performed to monitor the side effects. Power calculations have been based on the hypothesis that isoflavone-treated patients would get 2.5% benefit in BMD than placebo-treated patients in postmenopausal women. Statistical tests have been designed to have a power of 80%, with a type I error equal to 5%. This study should verify the hypothesis that isoflavone significantly increase the BMD in Asian postmenopausal osteopenic women.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00262184

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Shih-Te Tu, MD

Chang-hua Christian Hospital
Chang-hua, Taiwan
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Jin-Shang Wu, MD

National Cheng-Kung University Hospital
Tainan, Taiwan
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Keh-Sung Tsai, MD &PHD

National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan
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