Last updated on July 2016

Evaluation of Botulinum Toxin Injection Efficacy in the Treatment of Head Essential Tremor


Brief description of study

Essential head tremor (HT) does not usually respond to drug treatment such as propranolol or primidone or to surgical treatment such as deep brain stimulation of the thalamic ventralis intermedius nucleus. Botulinum toxin (Btx) is widely used and efficient in the treatment of blepharospasm and cervical dystonia. Btx prevents the release of acetylcholine in synapses, leading to a reduction of pathological muscle movement. Very little information is available on its efficacy on HT. Two published reports suggested that local Btx A injections could be an effective and safe approach for treating HT. Given the scarcity of published data (small samples, open studies, different doses of Btx used, heterogeneous populations, several muscles injected, etc.), the aim of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of Btx injections in essential HT by a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study. Principal objective: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections in the treatment of head tremor. Secondary objectives: - - To evaluate the tolerance of botulinum toxin injections in the treatment of head tremor. - - To evaluate the impact of botulinum toxin injections on the patients' quality of life and embarrassment. - To evaluate the changes of tremor characteristics induced by a Btx treatment using a 3D accelerometer wireless portable system (Xsens MTw wireless motion tracker system) (tremor frequency, tremor displacement, mean peak amplitude, distance traveled) and a new video system device to analyze head tremor characteristics

Detailed Study Description

Type of study: multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled therapeutic clinical trial. Number of centers: 13 centers : Clermont-Ferrand, Paris (Fondation Rothschild et APHP), Toulouse, Lyon, Amiens, Bordeaux, Narbonne, Lille, Strasbourg, Nîmes, Marseille, Besançon. Medical product Botulinum toxin type A, 200U (BOTOX ® 200 Unités, Allergan) Patients Patients eligible for inclusion will be randomized to one of the two groups: - Experimental group: 60 patients will receive 2 injections of Btx A (BOTOX - Allergan), one on D0 and one at 12W (into each splenius capitis). - Control group: 60 patients will receive 2 injections of placebo, one on D0 and one at 12W (into each splenius capitis). Study Performance Patients will be injected twice, with an interval of 12 weeks (D0 and 12W). On D0, patients will receive 75U of Btx A (BOTOX ® - Allergan) in each splenius capitis; at 12W, patients will receive the same dose as on D0 (if the first injection is effective according to the CGI- improvement by at least two points), or a higher dose (100U) (if the first injection is ineffective according to the CGI- non improvement or improvement by less than two points). Patients will be assessed at baseline D0, 6 weeks (6W), 12 weeks (12W), 18 weeks (18W) and 24 weeks (24W) after D0 as follows: Visit 1 (baseline): - Signature of an informed consent form. - Demographic and clinical characteristics (sex, age, disease duration, treatments). - Clinical evaluation: - Neurological evaluation: Fahn-Tolosa-Marin Tremor Rating Scale (TRS), Tsui Scale. - The Quality of life in Essential Tremor (QUEST), the Essential Tremor Embarrassment Assessment (ETEA). - Accelerometer recording and videotape recording. Visits at 6W, 12W, 18W and 24W - Clinical evaluation: - TRS. - CGI. - QUEST / ETEA. - Accelerometer recording and videotape recording.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02555982

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Franck DURIF

CHU de Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand, France
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