Last updated on September 2018

Acceptable Hemodynamic Changes in Dexmedetomidine for Single Intravenous Bolus Injection


Brief description of study

DexmedetomidineDEXis a potent and highly selective 2 adrenergic receptor agonist. It has the pharmacological effects of sedation, hypnosis, analgesia, anti-sympathetic and neuroprotective. Its sedative effect is similar to normal sleep, and easy to wake up. DEX is widely used clinically because of its advantages and acceptable side effects. The best clinical use of DEX is uncertain, including intravenous, intramuscular, oral, intralnasal and sublingual administration. Its clinical recommended use is intravenous load infusion for more than 10 minutes, followed by continuous infusion. However, the clinical recommended usage is inconvenient, time-consuming and other shortcomings, for the growing popularity of daytime surgery, will inevitably affect the operation process and turnover. If a suitable dose range of DEX can be found for a single intravenous injection to achieve clinical efficacy quickly without significant hemodynamic effects, this will improve the patient's postoperative recovery. We will speed up the utilization and turnover of medical resources. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal dosage of DEX for single intravenous injection.

Detailed Study Description

Patients undergoing thyroidectomy under general anesthesia were treated with routine anesthesia induction and maintenance, and DEX was injected intravenously 30 minutes before the end of operation. Single bolus is for more than 1 minute. In the first case, the dosage of DEX was 0.1 ug/kg. If the cardiovascular reaction was positive (MAP or heart rate was more than 20% before intravenous injection), the dosage of DEX in the next patient decreased by a gradient (0.05ug/kg). If the cardiovascular response was negative, the next patient increased the dose of DEX by a gradient (0.1ug/kg); if a patient withdrew from the study, the next patient received the same dose as the patient who withdrew. There were 8 turning points of cardiovascular reaction and the test was completed. The changes of blood pressure and heart rate per minute in 10min were recorded after single bolus. The dosimetric map of patients with DEX was drawn, and the ED50 and ED95 were calculated by probit probabilistic unit regression (Bills method).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03655847

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Chengyu Wang

The second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University
Wenzhou, China
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