Last updated on September 2018

Liposomal Bupivacaine Intercostal Nerve Block vs Thoracic Epidural for Regional Analgesia in Multiple Rib Fractures


Brief description of study

Management of traumatic rib fractures continues to be a challenge for trauma surgeons. Currently, many analgesic options are available to patients suffering from rib fractures. Formulations currently used for conventional intercostal nerve blocks (CINB) are relatively safe, do not require additional equipment or specialized anesthesia personnel, do not require catheter repositioning, and provide improved analgesia immediately over the aforementioned systemic therapies. A goal of these authors to introduce an additional safe option for extended local analgesia in the setting of multiple rib fractures given the inconclusive evidence supporting or refuting the current standard of care

Detailed Study Description

The objective of this study is to quantify and draw inferences on the efficacy of a multiple level liposomal bupivacaine intercostal nerve blockade (LBINB) in patients with multiple traumatic rib fractures.

The primary objective is to assess the quality and duration of analgesia based on numeric grading pain scale, improvement in pulmonary function parameters, reduction pulmonary complications, and duration of hospitalization in patients receiving LBINBs relative to those receiving the current standard of care, CEA, in patients recovering from multiple traumatic rib fractures.

The secondary objective of this study is to assess cost and rate of complications associated with LBINB relative to CEA.

This is a two arm, randomized trial. Patients suffering multiple traumatic rib fractures will be offered CEA or LBINB. As the current standard of care, CEA will serve as the control, and outcomes measured in patients receiving LBINB will be statistically evaluated relative to the CEA control group.

All patients will receive standardized NSAID and opioid analgesia protocol for break through pain, as well as standardized routines for pulmonary hygiene and physiotherapy.

Indications for CEA and LBINB in this study include patients suffering from traumatic thoracic injury with greater than or equal to 3 fractured ribs

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03574376

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Chadrick R Evans, MD

Osf St Francis Medical Center
Peoria, IL United States
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