Last updated on June 2018

Effectiveness of Collaborative Tele-Mental Health Services for ADHD in Primary Care


Brief description of study

Aim and objectives:

In this study, our goal is to assess the effectiveness of a collaborative tele-mental health approach for treatment of children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) presenting to primary healthcare centers in Dubai.

Our primary aim is:

To determine if collaborative tele-mental health program improves the clinical and functional outcomes for children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Dubai

Secondary aims:

  1. To improve the ability of primary health-care providers to diagnose and treat pediatric ADHD, leading to enhanced community capacity, improving patient access and ensuring sustainability.
  2. To enhance parent and child satisfaction with the ADHD assessment and treatment process in Dubai.

Detailed Study Description

Potential Significance:

There are presently very limited clinical resources for children with ADHD, a prevalent disorder associated with significant functional impairments across different domains. Given the large number of affected children and their families, and the lack of readily available resources, very long wait-lists exist delaying access to healthcare. This is especially important given that ADHD occurs during a critical period of child development. Despite that effective treatments for ADHD do exist, it is quite challenging to deliver timely interventions to children with ADHD. This study aims to assess the efficacy of an innovative collaborative care approach that significantly improves access to evidence based health services and builds capacity in the community. Given that public healthcare services in Dubai are open to all emirates in the UAE and that some specialized services are lacking in other emirates, such a program that utilizes a virtual platform will facilitate healthcare access to this group of children in remote areas. After providing evidence for its feasibility and efficacy, this approach is likely to then be implemented across Dubai's Health Authority and to become a model that can be implemented nationally and regionally.

This study will significantly enhance the capacity of primary care physicians in Dubai, UAE to provide clinical care for children with common mental health conditions, namely ADHD. Enhancing the capacity of the Primary care sector to assess and treat this disorder in collaboration with the center of excellence at Al Jalila Children's is expected to improve access to clinical care while assuring optimal care is provided.

Moreover, it will improve the expertise of the center of excellence in child mental health at Al Jalila children's through clinical and research collaboration with Boston Children's Hospital. This study might open the doors for future collaborations with international institute such Boston Children's which will result in improved pediatric care at Al Jalila Children's. After providing evidence for its feasibility and efficacy, this approach is likely to then be implemented across Dubai's Health Authority and to become a model that can be implemented nationally and regionally.

Methods

An individually randomized controlled trial with 2 equal groups will be conducted. Children aged 6-12 years who are referred to their primary care provider for an ADHD assessment and meet inclusion criteria will be randomized to intervention and control arms.

The intervention will consist of treatment of children with ADHD by physicians trained by study staff on the assessment and treatment of ADHD. This training will be delivered over two

stages

In stage (1), prior to any clinical interaction with patients, physicians will attend an on-site clinical training that includes didactic teaching on ADHD including reviewing clinical guidelines and hands-on assessment and treatment of children with ADHD presenting to the tertiary care hospital (minimum of 35 hours). Drs. Albanna and Hamoda will deliver this training. Participants will be expected to successfully complete two PDM exam stations (Phenomenology, Diagnosis and Management). These PDM stations will be developed by AA and HH and will not include real patients. This educational intervention will be delivered prior to any interaction between pediatricians and patients, and only those pediatricians that successfully complete the course will participate in the collaborative-care arm of the study.

In stage (2) of the training program, an ongoing module will be developed by Drs. Albanna and Hamoda using a virtual-classroom setup. This will include monthly live online presentations presented by Drs. Albanna and Hamoda as well as invited guest speakers for select topic, that Drs. Albanna and Hamoda will moderate. This intends to discuss advanced topics and challenges that may be facing the clinicians involved in the study. The research coordinator will assure that the technical setup is prepared for the seminars. There will be a total of 8 presentations, and the duration will be 1 and half hours for each presentation. The topics will focus on various advanced aspects of managing ADHD in primary healthcare. Pre-presentation reading material will be emailed to the attendees along with details regarding the time and topic of the presentation. They will be asked to log-on 15 minutes prior and the last 30 minutes will be dedicated to discussions and questions relevant to the topic. Every presentation will be followed by 10 MCQs prepared by the presenter. Participants will also have weekly supervision meetings via video-conferencing. Randomization will occur when children with suspected ADHD present to PHCs participating in this study. Children will be randomly referred to one of these two study arms:

Arm (1): Children in this arm will received a collaborative mental health model of care by physicians who underwent the training above. Children and their families will be assessed and managed by these physicians, at the same primary care center they present at, using international guidelines. In line with the collaborative care model, physicians in this arm will have weekly supervision meetings via video-conferencing with specialists from the study team. Case management will be provided via trained allied professional or nurse. Case management will entail assuring that patients present on time for scheduled assessment and follow-ups and that questionnaires are completed and handed on time.

Arm (2): The children randomized to control arm will receive treatment as usual. This primarily consists of referral to specialized mental health services at Al Jalila Children's. They will receive assessment and management by specialists in this tertiary care center.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03559712

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

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Ammar AlBanna, MD FRCPC IFAPA

Al Jalila Children's Specialty Hospital
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
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Fatma AlOlama, Dr

Dubai Health Authority
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
4.61miles
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