Last updated on January 2017

Investigation of Vascular Inflammation in Migraine Using Molecular Nano-imaging and Black Blood Imaging MRI


Brief description of study

The investigators aim to investigate inflammation of cranial and meningeal arteries during pharmacologically induced migraine attacks, using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles and black blood imaging (BBI) MRI.

Detailed Study Description

Migraine is the most common neurological disorder, ranked as the 7th most debilitating disease worldwide by the WHO. While much research has been and continues to be conducted to illuminate the enigma of migraine pathophysiology, key aspects still remain a conundrum. Specifically, the process of headache generation is perhaps the most complex and debated part of migraine pathophysiology. The vascular hypothesis of migraine has traditionally focused on the simple dilatation of cranial arteries. However, a possible contribution of perivascular pain sensitive structures should also be considered, as aseptic inflammation of the arterial walls and perivascular space may activate afferent nerve endings. Interestingly, giant cell arteritis caused by aseptic arterial wall inflammation may present clinically as localized headache with migraine-like features (i.e. throbbing pain, localized in the temporal region, and allodynia). The primary trigeminal nociceptor is the first integral part of the headache-generating pathway. Animal models of migraine have suggested that activation and sensitization of perivascular trigeminal nociceptors caused by inflammatory substances may explain head pain in migraine. However, there is no human evidence to date to suggest perivascular and arterial wall inflammation as a source of pain in migraine. The investigators hypothesize that unilateral migraine without aura is associated with ipsilateral inflammation of the cranial arteries and meninges. The investigators also suggest that sumatriptan inhibits this perivascular inflammation. To test the hypotheses the investigators will perform MRI scans on subjects with provoked migraine attacks, using two different methods to visualize perivascular inflammation: USPIO-MRI, using iron-oxide nanoparticles as contrast agent, and BBI MRI. To pharmacologically induce migraine headache in the study subjects, the investigators will use the drug cilostazol, which is a phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02549898

.

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

Start Over

Please choose location

View all locations

Sabrina Khan, MD

Danish Headache Center & Department of Neurology
Glostrup Copenhagen, Denmark
  Connect »