Last updated on April 2018

Crohn's Disease Endoscopic REmission Definition in an Objective Way

Brief description of study

The CDEIS (Crohn's disease endoscopic index of severity) and its derivative, SES-CD (single endoscopic score for Crohn's disease) were constructed to evaluate the endoscopic severity of Crohn's disease (CD). The current therapeutic goal in CD is endoscopic remission, which is thought to be predictive of a favourable evolution of the disease. However, up to now there is no measure of endoscopic remission, objectively constructed and validated, not even a consensus for its definition. An objective measure of endoscopic remission is necessary, notably for the evaluation of new treatments, a request of the regulatory agencies (FDA and EMA), but also in clinical practice if one wishes to adapt the treatment of patient according to the level of endoscopic remission.

The aim of the study is to construct a measure of endoscopic remission based on an objective assessment (depth or grade) of remission, that must be reproducible, little or not dependent on the reader interpreting the endoscopy.

The CREDO 1 program is a cross-sectional study designed to construct objectively a measure of the endoscopic remission of CD through an index measuring its depth or a score measuring its grade and to evaluate its reproducibility.

This study is composed of four main parts:

  1. Training and selection of readers:
    • Selection and definition of all lesions to be studied at consensus meetings, first between the central readers, then with the participation of local investigators.
    • Specific training of local investigators in the recognition of endoscopic lesions
    • Checking the performance of the central readers
  2. Recruitment of patients by investigators - local readers:
    • Inclusion criteria: CD diagnosed for more than 6 months, in clinical remission for at least 3 months, with a Crohn's disease activity index < 150 at the time of endoscopy.
    • Each local investigator will have to record 15 videos divided according to his/her overall judgment into 3 status of remission: Complete Remission; Remission almost complete; Remission neither complete nor nearly complete.
    • The colon will be divided into 7 segments: ileum, ileocecal valve, right colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. Each segment will be identified by landmarks.
    • Videos will be anonymized and then centralized at a healthcare provider (OVH - SAS).
    • 16 French and Belgian centers will participate in the study leading to a total of 240 films.
  3. Analysis of videos by central readers:
    • 12 central readers will independently read 80 out of the 240 videos
    • Videos allocation to central readers will be performed through balanced incomplete block method to ensure that each central reader, as well as each central reader pair, has the same weight in achieving the results.
    • A quantitative evaluation of the depth of endoscopic remission on a visual analogue scale and a qualitative evaluation of the grade of remission on a 5-level ordinal scale will be provided by each central reader, segment by segment and globally, in addition to the description of all lesions identified by segment.
  4. Analysis of the data recorded by the central readers:
    • An index (depth of remission) or score (grade of remission) will be constructed from linear or multiple logistic regression models, considering the reader and endoscopy as random factors, to take into account the dependence between the readings performed on different endoscopies by the same central reader or on the same endoscopy by different readers.
    • Variations in readings between central readers will be quantified through the Kappa coefficient for qualitative items and through the intraclass correlation coefficient for quantitative items.

In an observational longitudinal multi-center cohort study (CREDO 2), it will be tested whether the index or score thus constructed is able to predict prolonged clinical remission for 2 years in patients in clinical remission at baseline. If this test is successful, we will have a primary objective and reproducible criterion for evaluating treatments in CD and a useful tool for the management of these patients in clinical practice.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03498625

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Peter Bossuyt, MD

Leuven University Hospital
Leuven, Belgium
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Clichy, France
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