Last updated on February 2018

Study on Effect of Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation in Hepatitis B Virus Induced Cirrhosis

Brief description of study

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a common infectious disease affecting up to 2 billion people worldwide. Around 650 thousand people died of liver failure, cirrhosis and primary liver cancer caused by chronic hepatitis B every year. 3%-5% compensatory liver cirrhosis develop to decompensated cirrhosis and suffer from series symptoms such as fatigue, edema, portal hypertension, splenomegaly, hemorrhage, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome and so on. Chronic hepatitis B is closely related to the imbalance of intestinal microbiota, and the intestinal microbiota of patients is significantly different from healthy people. The response of patients to hepatitis B virus can be influenced by reconstructing intestinal flora, while Intestinal microbiota transplantation(IMT) is a significant method to achieve it. In a previous study using IMT to treat HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B patients combined with antiviral therapy, 80% of them has reached HBeAg clearance. The investigators propose a randomized trial of IMT in patients with HBV induced cirrhosis. Patients will be randomized to either control group or IMT group over a 12 months period.

Detailed Study Description

A group of 60 patients with HBV induced cirrhosis will be recruited for study, which involved a 4 times IMT with gastroduodenoscopy and the time interval is generally 2 weeks. Participants can keep taking their present treatment. All participants will be assessed at baseline, after 3 months, 6 months, 12 months from baseline in order to evaluate the possible changes in:

(1)Imaging changes: Color Doppler ultrasound of portal vein, CT/MRI, Fibroscan score of liver fibrosis and steatosis, Grading of varicosity under gastroscopy(GI); (2)Basic information and symptoms; (3)Biochemical indexes: Liver function, four items of liver fiber, lipid metabolism, blood routine, coagulation function, blood ammonia, inflammation, oxidative stress, urine routine; sugar metabolism indicators (blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin level and insulin resistance level).

(4) Changes of gut microbiota: The changes of gut microbiota will be assessed by High-throughput sequencing (16S rRNA) on baseline, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after treatment samples to assess changes associated with IMT.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03437876

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Meiya Chen

Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University
Xiamen, China
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