Last updated on February 2018

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Diuretics for Symptomatic Malignant Ascites Episodes in Advanced Stage of Cancer (DIASC)


Brief description of study

While some authors recommend diuretics as the first treatment to initiate for symptoms caused by malignant ascites (MA), their prescription is variable. No randomized, controlled study has assessed their benefit in this context. According to literature, diuretics may bring relief in about 40% of cases, regardless of primary tumor.

The purpose of our study is to assess the effectiveness of diuretic treatment according to Serum Ascites Albumin Gradient (SAAG) measured before treatment. Judgment criteria is the time elapsed between recurrent MA that requires paracentesis. The investigators will also examine whether SAAG and serum levels of renin and aldosterone can predict symptom response to diuretics.

Detailed Study Description

Patients eligible for the trial and having signed their consent to participate will be randomized to arm A or B.

Treatment order is randomly attributed to patients at the 1st paracentesis, after the reception of the laboratory results necessary to evaluate SAAG value. Randomization is stratified 1:1 according to SAAG values ( or < to 11g/L) and Systemic treatment (yes or not)

  • Patients randomized to arm A will be observed until the next episode requiring paracentesis (due to clinical symptoms : abdominal pain or heaviness, dyspnoea, orthopnoea, nausea/vomiting, anorexia, early satiety, gastro-oesophageal reflux, lower limb and genital oedema), at which time they will receive arm B (diuretics), in absence of contra-indication to diuretic treatment.
  • Patients randomized to arm B will receive diuretics until the next episode requiring paracentesis, at which time they will receive arm A (observation).

Patients will have a physical assessment within 24 hours prior to the start of treatment, once every two weeks for patients randomized in arm A and each week for patients randomized in arm B, at cross-over and at the end of the study. Patient will also have a biological assessment within 24 hours prior to the start of treatment, twice a week for patients randomized in arm B, at cross-over and at the end of the study. Finally, they will address a quality of life questionnaire (QLQ-C15-PAL) prior to the start of treatment, at cross-over and at the end of the study.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02501213

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Guillaume BOUQUET, MD

Centre Hospitalier Tourcoing
Tourcoing, France
2.83miles
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Katia HEBBAR, MD

Centre Hospitalier Roubaix
Roubaix, France
4.19miles
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