Last updated on April 2018

Study of Predictive Factors of Progression of Lateral Amyotrophic Sclerosis


Brief description of study

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a complex polymorph and devastating neurodegenerative disease. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of ALS remain to be fully elucidated, there have been significant advances in the understanding of ALS pathogenesis, with evidence emerging of a complex interaction between genetic factors and dysfunction of vital molecular pathways. However, the numerous randomized clinical trials (RCT) for ALS have failed to generate improved drug treatments. Biomarkers able to bring prognostic value and to distinguish the different endophenotypes of this polymorphic disease could help to better select clusters of patients in order to improve the RCT outcomes. However, little progress has been made in the development of viable diagnostic, prognostic and monitoring markers. This could be explained by common shortcomings, such as relatively small sample sizes, statistically underpowered study designs, lack of disease controls and poorly characterized patient cohorts. It is yet crucial that the investigators further develop and validate ALS biomarkers and incorporate these biomarkers into the drug development pipeline for ALS.

The aim of the present study is therefore to determine the clinical, biological, imaging, and electrophysiological biomarkers of prognosis of survival without events (i.e. severe comorbidity, 24 hours of non invasive ventilation, tracheotomy). This is a prospective observational multicentric French study of a cohort of 1000 ALS patients.

This large multimodal database will be open for international fruitful scientific collaborations.

Detailed Study Description

This is a prospective observational multicentric French study of a cohort of 1000 ALS patients, 100 neurological controls and 200 healthy controls followed from the first signs to the end of the disease.

The aim of the present study is therefore to determine the clinical, biological, imaging, and electrophysiological biomarkers of prognosis of survival without events (i.e. severe comorbidity, 24 hours of non invasive ventilation, tracheotomy).

Secondary objectives will notably include i) the biomarkers of disease progression ii) biomarkers of diagnosis as compared with controls iii) the determination of the different endophenotypes according to the prognosis, the genetic profiles and the initial clinical presentations. Criteria of assessment will notably include detailed medical history, habitus, past and present treatments, vascular risk factors, ALSFRS-R, muscular testing, respiratory parameters including early nocturnal saturation and apneal profile, the detailed and predetermined clinical presentations, extensive cognitive and behavioral examination, extensive blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urines biological tests, genetic analyses, multiple brain and spinal MRI sequences, and electrophysiological tests (i.e. electromyogram, MUNIX, triple stimulation). Invasive tests will be optional (i.e. lumbar puncture, skin biopsies, muscular biopsies).

The large number of patients will allow in depth statistical analyses, notably to establish decisional trees (CHAID).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02360891

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Dominique Maugin, MD,PhD

CHU Pontchaillou
Angers, France
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Fausto Viader, MD

CHU Cote de Nacre
Caen, France
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Nathalie Guy, MD

CHU Gabriel Montpied
Clermont-Ferrand, France
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David Devos, MD, PhD

CHRU, H pital Salengro
Lille, France
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Philippe Couratier, MD

H pital Dupuytren
Limoges, France
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Emilien Bernard, MD,PhD

H pital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer
Lyon, France
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Attarian Shahram, MD,PhD

AP-HM,H pital de la Timone
Marseille, France
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William Camu, MD

H pital Gui de Chauliac
Montpellier, France
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Sabrina Sacconi, MD

H pital de l'Archet 1, CHU
Nice, France
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François Salachas, MD

H pital La Piti (AP-HP)
Paris, France
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Yvan Kolev, MD

Centre Hospitalier
Saint Brieuc, France
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Jean-Christophe Antoine, MD,PhD

H pital Nord
Saint Etienne, France
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Philippe Corcia, MD

CHU Bretonneau
Tours, France
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