Last updated on November 2018

Polygen Defi-Alpha: Genetic Polymorphisms Study in Children With Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Included in the DEFI-ALPHA Cohort


Brief description of study

The deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin (DA1AT) is a genetic disorder of variable clinical expression, initially described in adults with pulmonary emphysema patients. In children, it is the second cause of neonatal cholestasis after biliary atresia and is a common indication for liver transplantation.

Several genotypes for SERPINA1 gene coding for alpha-1 anti-trypsin were identified. The main ones are M / M, M / Z, M / S and Z / Z and each genotype is closely correlated with the concentration of blood A1AT. The estimate for France suggests a prevalence of genotype deficit Z / Z of the order of 1/6054, (9982 patients), which in 11% of cases, have liver disease (prolonged neonatal jaundice). Half of them will move towards the development of cirrhosis with portal hypertension, at worst liver transplantation.

Currently, we do not know what are the clinical and genetic factors that predispose a patient A1AT deficiency develop liver damage. Recent studies have led us to think that polymorphisms in the gene SERPINA1, as well as that of the alpha-mannosidase 1 endoplasmic reticulum (Erman gene) could be a predictive marker of liver complications. Another possible candidate gene is one of the importin beta (KPNB1), a protein involved in the elimination of misfolded proteins. These data lead us to propose the study of genetic polymorphisms.

The main objective of the study is to compare the allele frequencies of these polymorphisms between (i) a cohort of A1AT deficient patients and with hepatic symptoms (portal hypertension and its complications, severe liver failure leading to transplant or not, or an indication for liver transplantation) and (ii) a cohort of A1AT deficient patients without signs of hepatic call. To build this last cohort, we will include in the genetic study the family members of deficient patients, some of whom probably carrying a deficit genotype Z / Z but without any associated clinical manifestations. This will allow us to facilitate the establishment of genotype profiles / phenotype clearly identified, which then allow a more appropriate care for children who may have such a development, we will strive to achieve a haplotype interpretation of polymorphisms found.

This study will be conducted in association with the DEFI-ALPHA study to identify clinical and biological prognostic factors such as age at diagnosis, the diagnostic mode, the results of liver biopsy (when available), the clinical course, family history, the existence of IUGR and long-term treatment.

The secondary objectives of the study are :

  • The measurement and interpretation of serum IL-8 in A1AT-deficient patients. Indeed, one study showed a higher IL-8 in patients with ulcerative colitis compared with healthy patients' serum. These considerations led us to hypothesize that IL-8 may be a marker of liver disease in A1AT deficiency.
  • Preservation of blood samples for further study of other genes, which may be in the future suspected to be associated with the occurrence of liver complications. To this end, a DNA bank will be created. It will involve the children with a deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin and their family of 1st and 2nd degree in civil law (parents and siblings).

This study is a continuation of the cohort DEFI-ALPHA (descriptive study of a cohort of children with DA1AT) and sought to identify the clinical and biological factors such as age at diagnosis, diagnosis mode, the result sets of the liver biopsy (when available), clinical course, family history, the presence of IUGR and long-term treatment.

The only criterion for not-inclusion is, according to the subject, the lack of consent of the child and his parents, the lack of consent of the adult patient, or the lack of consent of the witness. Demographic and clinical history data (for parents and brothers/sisters showing no DA1AT) will be collected.

Currently, the cohort of patients with DA1AT is being set up in the framework of the "Cohort DEFI-ALPHA." This multicenter project is realized with the help of french pediatric hepatology centers that regularly follow patients DA1AT. Today, over 100 patients DA1AT have already been identified, and the collection of historical data has already begun on several centers since September 2009. This study is therefore a continuation of this work.

Over a period of 30 months, the total number of potentially includable subjects is estimated at about 400 in this study (100 patients and 300 related to the first degree such as parents, brothers and sisters).

This study will be promoted by the Hospices Civils de Lyon. Authorization of the competent authority and the ethical committee will be obtained as well as informed consent from families before blood sampling.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01862211

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

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Djamal-Dine DJEDDI, Dr

CHU d'Amiens - Hopital Nord
Amiens, France

Aurélie COMTE

CHU de BESANCON
Besancon, France

Thierry LAMIREAU, PU-PH

H pital Pellegrin
Bordeaux, France

Alain Lachaux, Pr

H pital Femme M re Enfant de Lyon
Bron, France

Corinne BORDERON, PU-PH

CHU Estaing
Clermont-Ferrand, France

Jean-Pierre CHOURAQUI, PH

H pital Couple Enfant
La Tronche, France

Valérie BERTRAND, DR

CHG Le HAVRE
Le Havre, France

Emmanuel JACQUEMIN, PU-PH

AP-HP - Kremlin Bic tre
Le Kremlin Bicetre, France

Frédéric GOTTRAND, PU-PH

H pital Jeanne de Flandre
Lille, France

Alexandre FABRE

Hopital de la Timone
Marseille, France

Alain MORALI, PH

H pital Brabois Enfants
Nancy, France

Agathe JOBERT GIRAUD, PH

H pital M re Enfant
Nantes, France

Florence LACAILLE, PU-PH

AP-HP H pital Necker
Paris, France

Alain DABADIE, PH

H pital Anne de Bretagne
Rennes, France

Olivier MOUTERDE, PH

H pital Charles Nicolle
Rouen, France

Clara CREMILLIEUX, PH

H pital Nord
Saint Etienne, France

Agathe JOBERT GIRAUD, PH

CH Saint Nazaire
Saint Nazaire, France

Julie REBEUH, Dr.

Hopital Hautepierre
Strasbourg, France

Pierre BROUE, PU-PH

H pital des Enfants
Toulouse, France

Bernard CAURIER, PH

Centre de P diatrie Gatien de Clocheville
Tours, France