Last updated on December 2016

Study of a Humanized Antibody Initiated 2 Months After an HLA Matched Allogenic Stem Cell Transplantation

Brief description of study

This study will determine the Maximal Tolerated Dose if any and the recommended dose for phase 2 of monalizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the CD94/NKG2A receptor, after allogenic stem cell transplantation. All patients will receive one single intravenous administration of one of the four doses of monalizumab.

Detailed Study Description

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) is a curative option for most of hematological malignancies, though the graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect mediated by immune cells from the donor. However, the use of Allo-HSCT is limited by its toxicity, notably the graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) that is a major cause of non-relapse mortality (NRM). Conditioning regimens dramatically improved during the last fifteen years, with a decrease of both GVHD and NRM rates. Now, disease recurrence after Allo-HSCT is the first cause of treatment failure and remains a concern for approximately 30% of the patients. Based on a safety immunologic platform (ATG based reduced toxicity conditioning regimens), it is needed to develop post Allo-HSCT strategies to decrease the incidence of relapse. In this context, the modulation of immune cell activity could play a role to prevent relapse. NK cells have a unique capacity to exert potent GVT effects without inducing GVHD. Moreover, NK cells recovery occurs early after Allo-HSCT and NK cells function are not severely impaired by the use of ciclosporin A, that is given for few months after Allo-HSCT as GVHD prophylaxis. Thus, NK cell modulation appears as a viable option for early immune intervention after Allo-HSCT. Monalizumab (IPH2201), a monoclonal antibody has a non-depleting and purely blocking activity directed with high affinity and specificity against the CD94/NKG2A receptor expressed by subsets of NK cells, activated αβ CD8+ T cells, γδ-T cells and NK T cells. By suppressing the inhibitory signal transduced by NKG2A, IPH2201 enhances the anti-tumor functions, including cytolytic activity of these immune effector cells.The aim of the study is to determine the safety of IPH2201 after allogenic stem cell transplantation.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02921685

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Dominique GENRE, MD

Institut Paoli Calmettes
Marseille, France
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